This is a time of testing. Individuals test the leader’s policies and assumptions as they try to determine how they fit into the power structure. Subgroups take shape, and subtle forms of rebellion, such as procrastination, occur. Many groups stall in stage 2 because power politics may erupt into open rebellion. This stage may be of short duration or painfully long, depending on the goal clarity and the commitment and maturity of the members.


•Characterized by the emergence of individual personalities and roles and conflicts within the group.

•“What’s my role here?”

•“Why are we fighting over who’s in charge and who does what?”

•In this stage, leaders should encourage members to suggest ideas, voice disagreements, and work through their conflicts about tasks and goals.

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